In order to take advantage of some XenServer features, you need to have a paravirtualization (PV) turned on for your guest host. You maybe running in HVM because you installed your operating system from a disk and not a XenServer created template. Now days xen is built into the linux kernel and we don’t need a special kernel installed. We just need to change the settings in XenServer to boot the system.
Note: I tested this on Ubuntu 14.04 and 16.04 with systems that already had XenTools installed. I’m assuming the procedure doesn’t change much to other distros.
- Find the UUID of the guest host you want to convert from HVM to PV
xe vm-list name-label=<name of guest host>
- Print out the current parameters for the guest host and save them as a backup.
xe vm-param-list uuid=<uuid from step 1>
- Update parameters to boot your system as paravirtualization
xe vm-param-set uuid=<uuid from step 1> HVM-boot-policy=""
xe vm-param-set uuid=<uuid from step 1> PV-bootloader=pygrub
xe vm-param-set uuid=<uuid from step 1> PV-args="-- quiet console=hvc0"
- Find the UUID for your VDB boot disk
xe vm-disk-list uuid=<uuid from step 1>
- Set the drive as bootable
xe vbd-param-set uuid=<uuid from step 4> bootable=true
- Boot the system and review the console in XenCenter. If the system boots, BUT you don't get the login window, you may need to complete create this config file.
- Create this file if it doesn't exist on your guest host: /etc/init/hvc0.conf
# hvc0 - getty
# This service maintains a getty on hvc0 from the point the system is
# started until it is shut down again.
start on stopped rc RUNLEVEL=
stop on runlevel [!2345]
exec /sbin/getty -L hvc0 9600 linux
2 thoughts on “Citrix XenServer – How to Convert HVM to PV”
How to check if is PV after this procedure?
In XenCenter, you should see on the VM’s general tab “Virtualization mode: Paravirtualization (PV)”.